A Simple Review on What Debt Consolidation Lån is All About

What Is Debt Consolidation, and Should I Consolidate? - NerdWallet

Debt consolidation debentures are low-interest credits used to pay off high-interest debentures. These things are intended to make payments a lot easier and help potential borrowers get out of their debts faster, which is something most people could use help with at the moment: Collective non-housing debt already reached a staggering $4 trillion in 2020, at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

While most individuals used their stimulus checks to pay debts, resulting in a drop in balances in almost eight years, 43% of surveyed individuals reported taking more debentures compared to usual because of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Around eight percent of individuals that experienced job losses have struggled to pay important bills. In contrast, most people in the country who have kept their jobs have survived financially during the COVID-19 pandemic because of decreased spending and government stimulus packages. People who are struggling with debts may want to consider debt consolidation. 

How does this debenture work?

Here is how this kind of debenture usually works:

Applications for personal loans equal to the total amounts of outstanding debts with higher interest rates borrowers have accumulated.

Use the funds to pay off payday debentures, credit cards, and other debts.

Repay personal debentures in monthly installments.

To benefit from this type of debenture, people need to get a debenture with Annual Percentage Rates that are lower than what they are currently paying on their running debts.

Should people use debt consolidation loans?

Generally speaking, debt consolidation debentures can be an excellent idea if the following is true:

  • People can get lower Annual Percentage Rates compared to what they are currently paying
  • They can get monthly payments compared to what they can afford with their current flow of income
  • Their total debt balance is no greater than forty percent of their gross yearly income (besides their mortgage)
  • Individuals can have budgeting strategies in place to help them avoid accumulating more unnecessary debts

For instance, let us say an individual has two credit cards with five thousand dollar balances: one with a 16.99% Annual Percentage Rate and the other card has a 24.99% Annual Percentage Rate. If they are paying two hundred fifty dollars per month on both cards, they will be out of debt in two years and one month. 

But if they have excellent credit, they could take out debt consolidation debentures with Annual Percentage Rates as low as twelve percent. It means they could be free of their debts in two years and save at least $1,200 in interest rates. 

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Plus, they will only have one monthly payment to worry about, and it will be about thirty dollars less than what they were paying before the debt consolidation debenture. If the individual has bad credit and cannot qualify for low-interest personal debentures, this thing may not be a good option for them. 

The only exception is if they have a payday, title, or pawn shop debentures with high-interest rates that they will not be able to pay back in the agreed-upon timeframe. Installment debentures may help individuals consolidate their debts and spread their repayments over many years. 

If they just have a small obligation they can afford to pay over the next couple of years, it is probably not worth consolidating it. Likewise, if they are overwhelmed with multiple debts, they may not be able to overcome them on their own. If they are likely to default on their new debenture, it will make a lot of sense to get credit counseling or file for bankruptcy before it happens to them.

The 6 best debt consolidation loans | MoneyUnder30

How to qualify for these debentures?

Lending firms may assess a person’s credit score, employment history, and debt-to-income (DTI) ratio when determining if they are eligible for debt consolidation debentures. Some online lending firms will also consider other factors like the borrower’s education, which can make it a lot easier to qualify if they have excellent credit. Some financial institutions offer debt consolidation debentures that don’t need credit checks, and those that do charge higher interest rates compared to other personal lending organizations.

Comparing these types of loans

Every financial institution will weigh the person’s income info and credit a little differently, so potential borrowers may want to start the prequalification process with a couple of financial institutions like traditional banks, credit unions, or online lending firms so they can compare their offered options. The prequalification process will not hurt the person’s credit score. Once they know their different options, they can consider these factors when picking a lending firm.


How much do people need to borrow? They will want to choose a debenture that covers the entire amount of their debts. A lot of personal lending organizations offer debentures up to thirty-five thousand dollars or more. Still, the amount they qualify for will depend on their debt, credit score, or income.

Origination charges

While some reputable lending organizations do not charge fees, some financial institutions charge origination fees, which are the cost of processing loans. It can differ depending on the person’s credit score. It can cost anywhere from one to ten percent of the debenture’s amount. The amount is taken out of the funds they receive from the credit.

Annual Percentage Rate

This thing represents the cost of borrowing funds, including the interest rate and origination fee. It tells individuals how much extra plus the principal people will need to repay. It is considered one of the most crucial factors people need to consider when comparing financial institutions.


The loan term, or length of time people have to repay will have a significant impact on their monthly repayment. They need to choose a credit with long terms that allow them to afford monthly payments, but not a long-term debenture that they end up paying more on the interest rate. Usually, borrowers should not agree to loans with terms longer than sixty months.

Prepayment fees

Some financial institutions charge prepayment fees to protect the amount of IR they receive for providing the debenture. It means borrowers cannot make additional payments or get out of their debts sooner without paying the additional fee. People need to avoid financial institutions that charge prepayment fees unless they can offer a much lower Annual Percentage Rate or APR.

The 6 best debt consolidation loans | MoneyUnder30

How to pay debt consolidation credits?

If a person takes out this kind of loan, they will usually save on their monthly payments, but they still need to make sure that the payment terms fit into their budget. Borrowers need to have repayment strategies in place before they sign the agreement. To start, people need to reevaluate their budgets. 

They can add all their sources of income and subtract returning bills like mortgages or rent. They can allocate their remaining income into different spending categories, like utilities and groceries, based on what they have spent in the past couple of months. 

Check out areas to trim spending, such as eliminating alcohol, dining out, or buying coffee from Starbucks. The more cash in hand people can free up in their budget, the more they will have to pay their debts. If their emergency money is not yet stocked, people need to make sure to allocate some cash towards savings every month, especially considering today’s financial situation. 

To may repayments a lot easier on themselves, borrowers can set up automatic payments for their debenture a couple of days after they are scheduled to receive their salary. That way, they will make their repayments on time, as well as have enough money for other expenses. Leftover funds from the salary can be used to cover other expenses or boost their savings.

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